Historical Background

The State of Jammu and Kashmir is ideally suited for rearing of sheep and goats owing to its favourable agro-climatic conditions, rich alpine pastures and host of other natural endowments. Sheep and goat rearing is the core activity of rural masses in the State and plays a vital role in socio- economic upliftment of weaker sections of the society viz; Gujjars, Bakerwals, Chopans, Gaddies and Changpas. The Gujjars and Bakerwals have adopted the sheep and goat rearing as their primary occupation from times immemorial and prefer to migrate in search of pastures to feed their livestock.

Prior to independence, no distinct breed of sheep was available in the State except a few recognized local breeds viz. Karnahi, Gurezi, Kashmir Valley, Gaddi and Baderwahi which were having low productivity both in respect of wool and mutton. The livestock was mostly pigmented with low economic traits.

In order to obtain more yields, it was necessary to improve the genetic content of the local sheep breeds. Accordingly, the then Maharaja of the State invited Professor Alfred F. Barker of Leeds University England to suggest measures for improving the genetic content of the native sheep breeds. Prof. Barker visited the State in 1931 and after assessing geo-climatic conditions of the State and technical feasibility, he recommended importation of specific breeds and their trials for cross breeding. The proposal was considered in 1937 and one Sheep Breeding Company known as Kashmir Sheep Farm Private Limited was established with its headquarter at Banihal which is at a distance of about 100 Kms from the Srinagar City. Following the recommendations, a Sheep Breeding and Research Wing was added to this company. After erecting some sheep sheds and staff quarters on the pasture lands of Banihal, the company framed modus-operandi for sending sheep to high land pastures situated at 6000 to 12000 ft. above the mean sea level during summer and accommodating the livestock at Reasi 2000 ft. above mean sea level during winter. Imperial Council of Agriculture Research also sanctioned a research scheme for Banihal/Reasi farm in 1938.

Initially six Tasmanian Merino Sheep were imported in the year 1942 for the Research Wing. By crossing local ewes with the Merino rams under constant supervision of the researchers, a good generation of FI and F2 was obtained in 1947. During this period, one more Sheep Farm came up at Goabal (Kangan) in District Srinagar. However, the whole State was upset due to tribal invasion in 1947 and the progress achieved hither-to-fore plunged into shambles.

After independence in 1947, the developmental activities related to sheep and goats were carried out in the State under the auspices of Animal Husbandry Department. Dr. D.N. Koul played a key role in implementing the Scientific Sheep Breeding Plan prepared by Dr. P. Bhatacharya (a noted veterinarian of the country). After liquidation of the Sheep Breeding Company in 1949, Dr. G.A. Bandey took over as the Officer In-charge Banihal/Reasi Farm. Besides reviving the Breeding Plan, Dr. Bandey succeeded in importing some fine wool breeds in 1951.

The Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) provided financial assistance for implementation of a scheme for improvement of sheep and wool at the Zaban/Reasi Farm in the year 1952. The scheme envisaged cross breeding of local sheep with Rambouillete and continued upto March 1958. After termination the ICAR scheme, the State Government decided to switch over to the Rambouillete pure breeding at the farm with a view to rapidly exploiting the achievements of cross breeding by production of large number of fine wool rams for distribution to other Government farms and among private flocks.

For systematic trial and research of genetic potential, it was essential to have congenial and favorable environment. The setting up of a bigger farm in the Kashmir Valley on the pattern of Reasi farm was taken up in hand and the area surrounding Dachigam Rakh in District Srinagar was found ideal for the purpose. Accordingly in 1960, Sheep Breeding and Research Farm Dachigam came into existence. Merino graded livestock was transferred from Banihal to Dachigam farm and work on development of Kashmir Merino breed was intensified. In the same year, some animals were shifted to newly established Anderwan and Billawar/Sarthal Farms and two field extension organisations were also created one at Bhaderwah in Jammu and the other at Beerwah in Kashmir. Subsequently, Wool Utilisation Research Centre at Srinagar, Fleece Testing Laboratory at Dachigam and Wool Grading and Shearing Centre at Banihal/Reasi Farm came into existence.  

 Inception of the Department

In order to ensure the development of livestock on scientific lines and for ensuring consistency and specialisation in the field of sheep, goat and small animal development, the need for establishment of a separate department was felt necessary. The need was further reinforced by the fact that the geo- climatic conditions of the State necessitate its inhabitants to use animal protein and fibre. Accordingly in 1962, Sheep Breeding and Development Department was carved out of Animal Husbandry Department to look after the development of sheep husbandry sector in the State and Dr. D. N. Koul (Joint Director) became the first head of the newly established Department. Dr. G.A. Bandey took over as Joint Director in October 1964 and during the next year he was elevated as the Director, J&K Sheep Husbandry Department.

Major expansion of the department took place during early seventies when two posts of Dy. Directors at provincial level were created as a1so Intensive Sheep Development Projects for migratory sheep in the zones of Reasi/Wardwan, Kathua/Bhaderwah, Padder and Srinagar/Sonmarg were formulated/implemented with sufficient manpower backup. Two fine wool sheep farms at Kralpathri and Daksum also came up during the same time. At Shuhama, a nucleus farm for production of mutton sheep was also established which was later on transferred to Sheri-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology in connection with establishment of Veterinary Science College.

In the year 1982, the Department of Sheep Husbandry was bifurcated into two parts and accordingly two separate Departments of Sheep Husbandry one for Kashmir and another for Jammu came into existence. As a result of this bifurcation, the sheep husbandry sector got sharp focus at provincial level. The Department of Sheep Husbandry Kashmir, having its area of operation in Kashmir Division comprising of six districts of Kashmir Valley and two districts of Ladakh, witnessed vast organisational expansion both vertically and horizontally. At present, the Department has a staff organisation consisting of various subject matter specialists and two major line organisations one looking after the farms and the other field extension activities. Each organisation is headed by a Joint Director. In the area of farm management, the Joint Director (Farms) is assisted by senior level officers to run the nineteen farms established so far in Kashmir Division. Similarly, to implement and monitor various field programmes/activities, the Joint Director (Extension) is assisted by eight District Organisations each headed by a District Sheep Husbandry Officer and 10 Sheep and Wool Development Organisations.

 

 

Mission of the Organisation

The mission of Sheep Husbandry Department Kashmir is to increase the production and productivity of mutton and wool in Kashmir Division. The task is being achieved through the intervention and implementation of crossbreeding programmes, providing of prophylactic and curative health care facilities to the breeders round the year, achieving higher levels of fodder production and productivity through adoption of various agronomic practices, promotion of scientific management of breeding practices, and investigation and control of the livestock diseases.  

Evolution of Kashmir Merino

KASHMIR MERINO RAM

The Kashmir Merino breed was evolved around 1960 at Govt. Sheep Breeding and Reserch Farm Reasi (Jammu) by crossing local Kashmir Valley ewes with Tasmanian Merino rams. bred ewes so obtained were then bred to Dalaine rams imported from U.S.A to produce a: stock with 75% level of inheritance from two exotic breeds. This was followed by ~ among the 3/4th two breed cross-breds and accompanied by a rigorous selection on the bas fleece weight, wool quality and body weight. This group of animals was given the name oj Merino". The Kashmir Merino Sheep are 3 to 4 times more productive than the local she also comparable even to exotic fine wool breeds in economic traits, besides having an ad, being resistant to the adverse climatic conditions and diseases.

Breeding Policy

The indigenous breeds of sheep produce small quantity viz; only around 0.900 Kg of coarse wool and have poor growth rate due to lack of genetic potential. Selection be consuming process, cross breeding has been adopted as a method for bringing qui, improvement in the native sheep. The Kashmir Merino rams together with rams of Rambouillete and Russian Merino breeds of sheep produced at Sheep Breeding Farms were Used for upgradation of the local sheep. Needless to mention that the cross-bred/graded sheep produce more wool of fine quality and weigh 50-70% heavier than the local one. However, in line with the  recommendations of the National Agriculture Commission on Sheep, Goat and Rabbit Production, The  Department has adopted the following breeding policy;

  • Crossing of Sheep in the Kashmir Valley with Merino rams upto a level of 75% ex In the  migratory flocks of Jammu Division, the crossbred level is being maintained Rambouillete inheritance

  • Continuance of cross-breeding with dual purpose sheep breeds like Corriedale and Dorsat in orchard of Kashmir Valley.

  • Up gradation of native goats with improved variety in selected areas only,

  • Improvement of Changthangi Sheep breeds by selective breeding.

  • Improvement of Pashmina (Changra) Goat through rigorous selection process.

Goat Development

Goat is one of the earliest food-producing animals domesticated by man and widely dii in the country. They meet the specific needs of the mankind, particularly by producing me clothing through fibre and providing other by-products like pelts, skin etc.

The age-old controversy on goat being responsible for deforestation, rangeland destruc degradation of soil was the root cause for neglect of the goats. However, one should not loose the sight of the fact that inherent capability of~ rapid multiplication and to adopt and live in harsh adverse and diversified conditions, e: nutrients from degraded lands has made its existence viable.

 

a) Dairy Goat Development

Commonly known as "Poor Man's Cow", goats play an important role in improvin economic conditions of poor rural masses in general and marginal farmers/landless labourers ~ dependent on this ani~al as they cannot sustain large animals) in particular.

Native breeds of dairy goats exhibit poor growth rate and produce small quantity of mi a view to enhance the status of local goats to make them poor man's cow in real sense, the De has established two Dairy Goat Farms one each at Arindardpora (District Baramulla) and (District Leh) on experimental basis by internal adjustment of the staff. At Arindardpora Dc Farm, improved varieties of goat breeds like Alpine-cross are being maintained and m Similarly, at Hunder Dairy Goat Farm, Swiss-Alpine and Jakhrana goats are being mainta bucks produced are issued for cross breeding with local goats. Jakhrana breed resulted ir increase in the production of goat milk in the District Leh.

b) Pashmina Goat Development

Ladakh region has the distinction of having the most Pashmina producing goats in the Pashmina fibre has a unique position among animal fibres for its fineness, warmth, d lightness, softness and ability to absorb dyes and moister. Since olden times, Kashmir has ill Pashmina to the world by production of fine quality woven garments and so commonly ~ "Cashmere woof'.

There are two Pashmina producing breeds available in the country namely Changra and Changra is found in Ladakh region of the State and reared by Changpas-a nomadic race. ( found in the Himalayan range of the State of Uttar Pradesh adjoining Tibet. Changra is , Pashmina producing breed of goat found in Changthang sub-division of the Leh District, located at about 14000 ft. above the mean sea level. The area is mountainous and sandy atmospheric temperature goes down to -40C during winter.

The Pashmina Development was taken in hand by the Department in 1958 when a m fann was established at Chushul (Changthang) for breed improvement by selection. This fa later on shifted to Khuril about 30 krns. from Nyoma in 1962 following Chinese ag~ Subsequently in 1972, another Pashmina Goat Fann was established at Upshi Leh under assistance sponsored by the ICAR. In District Kargil of Ladakh Division,

Pashmina Development programme was initiated by establishment of Pashmina Goat Khangral in the year 1996-97.

The Department has adopted a policy of selective breeding for increasing the produc Pashmina goats. For this purpose, improved variety ofPashmina bucks produced at the two fi being distributed among the local herds of the traditional Pashmina producing belts as well traditional areas for extension of Pashmina production. As a result of these development in the production as well as the productivity of Pashmina has improved substantially. To Pashmina (under wool) of Changra goat breed is considered to be the best in the world having fineness around 15.21 :!= 2.69 microns and the average length is 4.30 :!= 0.56 cm. However, 1 thrust areas are as under;

  • Selective breeding for qualitative and quantitative improvement of Pashmina

  • To bring about colour stability

  • Disease investigation-identification and control of major diseases ofPashmina g

c) Angora Goat Development

         Angora goats are reared in Ladakh Division of the State and two fanns stand established, one each in the districts ofLeh and Kargil at Stakna and Puskum respectively. 1 purpose of these fanns is to produce quality Angora bucks so that the non-pashrnina bearing ~ converted into Angora crosses with a view to increasing the production of Mohair (fine qUalil Mohair is used by the Ladakhies for making woollen gannents by mixing it with sheep wool. In Leh district, crossing of Angora goats with Malra (Non-Changra ) goats has had impact in terms of body weight and also fine quality fibre(Mohair) production instead of rough guard hair.

Rabbit Production

The State is importing rabbit furs for meeting the raw material requirements of fur industry also sheep and goats to cater to the demand for meat especially in Kashmir Division where the meat  consumption is on much higher side. To augment the production of both fur and meat, a Rabbit farm was established in the year 1971 at Wusan-Pattan (District Baramulla) with a foundation stock of 60  New Zealand White rabbits purchased from Gharsa, Himachal Pradesh. This stock was strengthened by import of rabbits from time to time. The idea was to popularise the consumption of rabbit meat, as a substitute for sheep and goat meat, among the general masses and also to ( rabbit units in the private sector by providing the entrepreneurs full technical know how and 1 support to meet the demand. While as little progress was achieved in establishment of the unit: meat evinced poor response among the public. However, it is expected that rabbit rearing will in Kashmir Division in the coming years and thereby achieve the desired objectives.

 

Breeds maintained

Besides various fine wool breeds like Australian Merino, Russian Merino, Russian Su the Department has introduced some dual purpose breeds of sheep like Corridale and Polldorset in  areas like Sonawari, Shopian and Kulgam to quickly enhance the production of mutton. The Corridale breed has adapted well to the local environment and proved quite popular among the breeder! Orchards.

Field Extension Activities

Field Extension activities are being carried out through the network of 474 Sheep Extention Centres spread through out the length and breadth of Kashmir Division. These centres establish link between the Department and the breeders with a view to implementing various developmental programmes and extension activities in the field. Sheep Extension Centres serve as a single, system for providing breeding cover to private sheep and goat flocks, and prophylactic and curative  animal health, promotion of scientific management of breeding practices and host of other extensions  services. The technical personnel available at Sheep Extension Centres provide these facilities: breeders at their doorstep. Besides, there are number of mobile and first aid centres which are catering to the needs of the sheep and goat breeders. However, district -wise break up of  sheep extension centres is given as under;

Disease Investigation Laboratory

Sheep and goats are highly susceptible to various viral and bacterial diseases. Exotic sheep breeds imported in the past, maintained and multiplied over the years are more prone to diseases. The k. of incidence of the diseases is also high in Kashmir division mainly due to importation of sheep 1m outside the State and migration of sheep and goats from one place to another within the State. e most visible loss due to diseases is observed in the shape of mortality of the animals, otherwise losses manifest themselves in poor growth which in-turn results in poor meat and wool or fibre production, loss of skin, pelts, hair, both in terms of quality and quantity apart from the cost of treatment of sick animals.

To reduce the incidence of diseases and mortality, Disease Investigation Laboratory was established at Lal Mandi Srinagar in the year 1965. Over the period and with diagnoses of new ;eases, the laboratory was strengthened by way of augmentation of staff and machinery/equipments required for the purpose. Shifted to Nowshera Srinagar in the year 1982, the laboratory is headed by Deputy Director Research who is assisted by subject-matter specialists in the fields of Virology, Bacteriology, Clinical Pathology, Nutritional Analysis, Parasitology and Epidemiology. A few small laboratories are also functioning at some farms and in the districts.  

Rearing Practices

The system of sheep rearing in the State is semi-migratory but for orchards of Kashmir plain areas of Jammu, sheep are sedentary throughout year. The flocks in the valley are maintained by the owners for 4 to 5 months under stall fed conditions during winter and then handed over Chopan (Shepherd), who takes them for grazing to Sub-Alpine and Alpine pastures from April to November and then return the sheep back to their owners.

The government livestock available at various sheep breeding farms and sheep extension centres are maintained in sheds during winter season. In spring animals are moved to sub-alpine and in summer to highland pastures where they graze in open. Requisite staff of sheep breeding farms sheep extension centres is also sent to highland pastures with a view to provide health cover t( government as well private livestock round the clock and also to conduct important activities related to weaning and branding. 

 

Breeding and Reproduction Practices

The rams are put to ewes in first week of September and lambing starts from February  each year. Before mating, the ewes are grouped in different categories on the basis of scare card taking into account the body weight, clean fleece production and staple length. The selection of breeding rams conducted on the basis of their performance i.e. fleece weight, wool quality, physical vigour, weight and pedigree records. The breeding programme is framed in such a way so as to avoid in  breeding and all out efforts are made to increase the lambing percentage and reduce mortality. Lambs are  tagged at birth and tattooed after weaning. Specific numbers are allotted to each animal  in the farms and record of each individual animal is maintained to check and monitor performance.

Sheep Breeding Farm

The Directorate has established 11 Sheep Breeding Farms wherein high quality breed  groups are maintained and multiplied for further propagation in the field which in turn result in increase production and productivity of mutton and wool. The prime objectives of the Sheep Breeding  Forms are delineated as under;

  • To produce stud rams with high genetic make up with respect traits like high wool yield  capacity, minimum fibre diameter, maximum staple length and grease free wool for further  propagation in the field.

  • To study the behaviour of different strains/breed groups under prevailing agro-climatic  conditions of the valley.

  • To overcome the diseases of exotic breeds and produce disease resistant stud rams capable of  thriving in local conditions.

  • To study the adoptability and performance of exotic breeds

 

Karakul Sheep Breeding

Karakuls are bred for the original ornamentation of their wool cover which develops I their embryonic development and on the first day after birth. Thy produce pelts, original in d beautiful, strong and light fur. The lambs soon lose these properties as they advance in age. Aft. shearing, these animals become usual rough woolly sheep.

The Department has established one Karakul Sheep Breeding Farm at Khumbathang '(District  Kargil), which is unique in the State. The farm is situated about 30 kms from the District Head on Kargil -Zanaskar road at an altitude of 10,000 ft. from the mean sea level and is spread over an  area of 471 acres. Under an Indo-U.S.S.R protocol in the field of agriculture, the State received 60  Karakul sheep from the erstwhile U .S.S.R consisting of 50 ewes and 10 rams for studying there performance under cold arid climatic conditions, both as pure ones and also of their crosses with native sheep. Because of strong opposition to killing of newly born lambs soon after their birth for sale of pelts, the original objective has been dropped. However, this unique breed is still maintained at the farm in view of its adoptability in cold arid desert conditions.

 

 

Pasture Development

Natural Alpine pastures known as Bahaks or Margs are the natural habitats of sheep who migrate from lower part of the State and graze there from May to October. Over the year the pastures faced degradation due to continuous and indiscriminate grazing, extinction of superior  genotypes of grasses and legumes, nomadic destruction, lack of economically viable technolog  for improvement of the pastures and above all the non-involvement of actual users for its protection and conservation.

For improvement of the pastures, aerial fertilization was once done. However, efforts are made to seek special financial dispensation for development of pastures by implementation of  programmes like conduct of aerial/manual fertilization of pastures, eradication of toxic and obnoxious  weeds, reseeding of Clover and other fodder crops, and plantation of fodder trees.

 

Training and Development of Staff

Staff training and development is an integral part of the departmental strategy directed to successful achievement of the goals set. Various training and development programmes are conducted, organised and arranged for the departmental personnel with a view to sharpen their existing capabilities and acquiring new knowledge and skills in the field of sheep and goat rearing  management.

Training modules have been devised for lower level field functionaries to meet their specific requirements on ground. It is mandatory for all in-service Shepherds having the requisite qualification  and direct recruits viz; Stock Assistants and Flock Supervisors to undergo and successfully complete  the training programmes as their future promotion prospectus hinges on it. The training is imparted at the Sheep and wool Workers Training School established by the Department at Nowshara besides cattring to the training needs of lower level field functionaries  the school also plays a vital role in imparting training to progressive sheep and goat breeders. 

The Department has wide ranging training and development programmes for the officers who  are deputed to various State and National level Institutions of repute to undergo training/refres courses in field of Animal Breeding, Nutrition, Livestock Production and Management, Bacteriolo Pathology, Virology, Public Health and Hygiene, Grass Land and Fodder Development etc. More ever , some senior officers have also been to abroad for participation in advanced training programmes.

The Department organises seminars, workshops and conferences with a view to provid forum for the officers to interact and exchange their ideas on Various technical issues. Besides encouraging pursuance of higher studies, the Department also lays special emphasis on staff development programmes especially in the fields of general managem rural development, computerisation, and project formulation and evaluation.

Publicity Programmes

The Publicity Wing of the Department started functioning in 1978 with the objectiv~ disseminate infonnation related to developmental schemes available for the breeders as also to con mass awareness programmes for promotion of scientific practices of sheep and goat rearing. publicity programmes are focused to rural masses in general and Gujjars, Chopans and Changpl particular who rear sheep .and goats as their primary occupation,

The publicity activities are undertaken by conduct of special programmes on Radic Television, and making use of print media and audio-visual tools. Besides playing a vital rl organising seminars, conferences, breeders training programmes, the publicity wing also unde publication of pamphlets and brochures which provide detailed guidelines/information to the bn on various subjects related to sheep and goat rearing especially the management practice! prevention and control of diseases.

 

Developmental Plan Schemes

The details regarding the schemes/programmes available with the Department for develc of sheep and wool in Kashmir Division (including Ladakh Division) are given as under:-

  • Direction and administration

  • Genetic improvement of farms/Livestock:- Diagnostic/Fleece testing laboratory:- Integrated sample survey:-

  • Planning and statistics cell

  • Loans to B. V:Sc. scholars

  • Fodder development

  • Ram/Buck production programme

  • Establishment of mini sheep farms

  • Promotion of scientific management of breeding practices among breeders

  • Improvement of migratory routes

  • Training / publicity / information

  • Upshi Pashmina Goat Project

  • Mohair Goat Farm Stakna

  • Veterinary Education and Training

  • Pashmina Development

  • Rabbit meat production

  • Sheep Farm Lakthang

  • Alpine Goat Farm

  • Karakul Sheep Farm Khumbathang

Products for Marketing

By carrying out. day to day developmental activities both at the farms and in the field Department obtains various products/by-products like culled livestock, Wool/Pashrnina, Milk, n etc. Subject to availability, these items can be obtained by the interested parties at v departmental outlets indicated below.

For diagnosis of various diseases among sheep and goats, the following tests are also being conducted in the laboratory

  • Toxin antitoxin neutralization test for confimlation of Clostridial diseases;

  • Tube and plate agglutination tests;

  • Biochemical and sugar estimation tests

  • Gel diffusion test

  • Biological tests involving animal inoculation with suspected and known material

  • Drug sensitivity tests

  • Use of selective and differential medias

  • Presentation of Histopathological sections

  • Calorometric determination of physiological norms

  • Embryonated egg inoculation for diagnosis of viral diseases

  • Faecal sample analysis for parasitic infestation

  • Nutritional analysis of feed and fodder samples

Moreover, the laboratory conducted a trial to manufacture Sheep Pox Vaccine containing local strains. The vaccine, tried under field and farm conditions, was found effective in controlling the disease especially at the face of outbreak. The Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar (UP) declared the product as safe, potent and viable.  

 

 

 

Fleece Testing Laboratory

To monitor the improvement in wool quality and quantity, one Fleece Testing Laboratory was established at Sheep Breeding Farm Dachigam in the year 1965. The laboratory carries out analysis of wool samples from breeding stocks by recording staple length, crimps, fibre diameter, medulation and clean wool yield. The staple length and crimps are recorded through measuring scales. Similarly Ermoscopes are used for recording fibre diameter. For finding out clean wool yield, the sample is being scoured at scouring plant which has a capacity to scour about 8 to 10 kgs of wool per day. The laboratory activities, except scouring, are presently being carried out at Nowshera Sheep Complex.

 

 

Sheep Shearing

Only next to mutton, wool is the significant sheep product. The fleece weight and its market value get largely affected by the method adopted to shear sheep. The breeders usually conduct hand shearing of their sheep twice in a year viz; spring and autumn through age-old scissors/blades. This method is highly unscientific and uneconomical as it is not only time consuming and involves more labour, but reduces the fleece weight along-with the staple length as well. Besides, it often leaves sheep with cuts and injuries.

 To overcome the problem, the Department introduced machine shearing of sheep in 1969 and over the years it became popular among the breeders due to its advantages over hand shearing. Besides being cost effective, the machine shearing enables the breeders to fetch better returns of their fleece by obtaining increased yield and the staple length, leaving sheep to grow another crop of good fleece by avoidance of cuts and injuries, and lastly but equally important facilitates proper grading of fleece.

Petrol driven and electric shearing plants are available with the Department which are being utilised for shearing of government as well as local flocks. A nominal fee is charged from the breeders avail of the facility. However, keeping in view the fact that the shearing facility has had to be Dvided simultaneously at various places during the shearing season and that there is limited number functional shearing plants, the Department is not in a position to cater to the ever increasing demand the breeders.  

 

 

 

Forage Production

 Productivity of livestock cannot be increased by merely improving the genetic potential. It has be supplemented with proper feeding for exploiting the genetic capability. The Forage Production Wing, inter-alia, aims at increasing the forage production and productivity with a view to meet the requirement of fodder for the government livestock. This is being done through introduction of high rage yielding grasses and legumes with improved management of agronomic practices.

The agricultural operations are carried out on departmental land available at various farms as so in the field for production of perennial grasses and legumes like Red-Clover, White-Clover, Tall fescue, Cox-Foot, Timothy, Rye-Grass, Lucerne and other fodder crops like oats, M.P. Cheery, Cowpeas, maize and vegetables. With a view to motivating the breeders to cultivate high yielding and nutritive varieties of grasses and legumes, the Department provides them the requisite back up support

terms of technical know-how and training besides free distribution of seeds, fertilisers and min kits under central assistance programme.  

 

 

Employment Opportunities

The sheep and goat rearing in Kashmir Division provides substantial employment opportunities, as it constitutes subsidiary occupation of majority of rural masses and primary occupation of traditional rearers like Gujjars, Chopans and Changpas. The potential for employment generation in sheep husbandry sector is galore by way of establishment of sheep/goat units and mini sheep farms for which the Department provides subsidy support and technical know-how as well.  

Dr. G. A. Bandey _The legend

Born in the year 1918 in village Branwar Tehsil Chadora, District Budgam, Dr. Bandey completed his school education in Srinagar and did his F.Sc from S.P.College Sringar. He joined Bombay Veterinary College in the year 1940 for training in Veterinary Sciences. After graduating from the said College, he joined the erstwhile Veterinary Department as Veterinary Assistant Surgeon. e worked with devotion and dedication for about six years at different places. Thereafter, he was posted as Veterinary Assistant Surgeon in the Sheep Breeding and Research Farm Reasi/Banihal to Isist Dr. D. N. Koul, then officer in-charge of the said farm.

Dr, Bandey made his mark as officer in-charge Sheep Breeding Farm Reasi/Banihai where he worked for about eleven years and was deputed to Australia for training in sheep and wool research. In his return from Australia, he was appointed Dy. Director, Sheep cum Animal Husbandry Leh, Ladakh. In the year 1964, Dr. Bandey took over as Head of the J&K Sheep Husbandry Department 1d held the said post till 1976 when he was appointed Advisor to Government, Sheep Husbandry department. He discharged his duties as Advisor to Govt. with aplomb till his retirement in 1978. hereafter, Dr. Bandey continued to work for the sheep development in various capacities till he breathed his last on 26th May 1996.

Dr. Bandey has given a new direction to sheep development in the State. He was the brain behind evolution of Kashmir Merino breed of sheep in the State. In recognition of his remarkable achievements in taking sheep husbandry sector in the State to new heights, he was conferred I.A.S in 974-75 and awarded Gold Medal in 1978. Above all, he was awarded the country's highest civil ward viz; Padamshri in honour of his contribution and dedication in the field of sheep development.

Sheep Husbandry Department Kashmir is in the service of sheep and goat rearers. We shall reI come any suggestion to improve the delivery system of our services to make it efficient and effective. We shall also be pleased to provide any information/help related to sheep and goats of Kashmir Division. Please contact us at the following address  

 

Contacts:

Director, Sheep Husbandry Department ,at Lal Mandi, Srinagar -190008 Kashrnir, J&K (INDIA) 
'Phone No: 0194-431604/0194-432063 || Fax: 0194-432063  

 

 

  

Last content update: May 2004

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